These are direct reproductions on 20071207 from and and are not original to this site.

ParticipatoryPractices are any approaches in which people participate in Conversation, Dialogue, Deliberation, Reflection, Organization Development, Group Process, Community Renewal, Collective Intelligence, Democracy, etc. We will focus on - but not limit ourselves to - practices which engage people together (or with institutions) to benefit themselves collectively or on behalf of a larger group that they are part of.

This particular page will constitute an index of such practices. We will list the names of participatory practices here as Wiki links, so that each one will have its own page(s) that can be developed starting from this page.

For now, I suggest we list the participatory practices in alphabetical order. Later we may want to develop categories for them. As this develops, I and others may want to do some Participatory Practices Analysis such as Comparing Practices or exploring some Underlying Dynamics Of Process (which can be done off of the very links in this sentence, and others like them). With such understandings we may be better equipped to design Multi Approach Programs.

The initial list below includes all the items on the Citizens Science Toolbox from which descriptions of each practice can be cut and pasted into the pages created below. We're all encouraged to add further practices below, but for now (until we've transferred all the data from the Citizens Science Toolbox), let's put an asterisk after each practice that is NOT part of that toolbox. I have added all the practices I know about which I have ready access to at least some descriptive material (yikes! that looks like about 185 of them)...

-- Tom Atlee

Participatory Practices...

Active Listening *

Appreciative Inquiry *

Area Neighborhood Forum *

Arbitration *

Arts Based Civic Dialogue *

Asset Based Community Development *


Bohm Dialogue *



Candidate Evaluation Panel *

Chime And Stone *

Choice Creating *

Choice Work *

Citizen Advisory Committee *

Citizen Committee

Citizen Consensus Council *

Citizen Deliberative Council *

Citizen Election Forum *

Citizen Initiative Review *

Citizen Jury

Citizen Panel *

Citizen Reflective Council *

Citizen Survey Panel *

Civic Journalism

Collaborative Inquiry *

Collaborative Learning *

Collaborative Watershed Management *

Commons Cafe *

Community Asset Inventory *

Community Consultation Committee *

Community Fair

Community Indicator

Community Issues Group *

Community Planning *

Community Viz *

Compassionate Listening *


Conference Model *

Conflict Transformation *

Conflict Work

Consensus Building *

Consensus Building Exercise *

Consensus Conference

Consensus Organizing *

Consensus Participation *

Consensus Process *

Conversation Cafe *

Council Process (see Talking Circle) *

Deliberation *

Deliberative Dialogue *

Deliberative Focus Group *

Deliberative Inclusionary Process *

Deliberative Opinion Poll (aka Deliberative Polling)

Delphi Study

Design Charrette

Despair And Empowerment Work *

Dialogue *

Dialogue Mapping *

Display Or Exhibit

Dutch Study Group *

Dynamic Facilitation *

Electronic Democracy

Enlightened Communication *

Environmental Justice Collaborative Model *

Expert Panel

Facilitation *

Fast Cycle Full Participation *

Field Trip

Fish Bowl

Flower Diagram Workshop *

Focus Group

Future Search

Gemba Kaizen *

Gestures Of Conversational Presence *

Group Awareness Exercise *

Group Silence *

Group Ware *

Holistic Management *

Ho OPono Pono (ho'o p'ono p'ono) *

Human Needs Analysis (see Analytical Problem Solving) *

Information Contact

Information Hotline

Information Repository

Innovative Development *

Integrative Conversation

Interactive Strategic Planning *

Interactive Television

Interactive Video Display Kiosk

Intergroup Dialogue *

Intragroup Dialogue *

Issue Forum *

Key Stakeholder Interview

Kitchen Table Discussion

Knowledge Mapping *

Large Group Intervention *

Learning Circle *

Listening Circle (see Talking Circle) *

Listening Project *

Macleans Panel *

Media Release


Multi Criteria Mapping *

Multi Objective Decision Support System (MODSS)

Multiple Viewpoint Drama *

National Issues Forum *

Negotiation *

Neighborhood Policy Jury *

Newspaper Insert

Nominal Group

Nonviolent Communication *

Open Forum *

Open House (aka Open Days or Drop-In Centers)

Open Question Circle *

Open Sentences Practice *

Open Space Technology

Organization Workshop *

Parent Jury *

Participant Observation

Participative Design Workshop *

Participatory Budgeting *

Participatory Idealized Design *

Participatory Research *

Participatory Rural Appraisal (aka Participatory Research And Action) (PRA) *

Penny For Your Thoughts *

Photo Voice

Planning Cell *

Planning For Real

Popcorn *

Popular Education *

Poster Competition

Preferred Futuring[TM] *

Printed Information

Prioritization Matrix

Process Content Outline *

Process Worldwork *

Psycho Drama *

Public Conversation

Public Hearing *

Public Involvement Volunteer

Public Meeting

Quaker Meeting For Business *


Random Selection *

Rapid Rural Appraisal *

Real Time Strategic Change[SM] *

Real Time Delayed Time Synergy *

Regional Civic Learning And Design Center *

Regulatory Negotiation *

Residents Feedback Panel *

Restorative Justice *


Roundtable *

Salon *

Samoan Circle

Scenario Testing

Scenario Work *

Search Conference

Service Learning *

Service User Forum *

Shop Front

Simulation Electronically Generated

Simu Real *

Sketch Interview

Snowball Sampling

Socrates Cafe *

Solicitation Of Comments *


Stakeholder Analysis

Stakeholder Decision Analysis *

State Of Grace Document *

Story Circle *

Strategic Forum[TM] *

Strategic Questioning *

Structured Value Referenda *

Study Circles



Sustained Dialogue *

Symbolic Dialogue *

Talking Circle *

Talking Stick Circle (see Talking Circle) *

Tavistock *

Technical Assistance

Technical Reports And Discussion Paper

Technology Of Participation[TM] *

Telephone Tree

Tele Vote *

TGroup *

Think Like A Genius *

Transformative Mediation *

Twenty First Century Town Meeting *

Varresbecker Bach Participatory Process *


Watershed Management Council (see Collaborative Watershed Management) *

Web Lab Small Group Dialogue *

Whole Scale Change (whole scale is [TM]) *

Whole Systems Approach [SM] *

Widening Circles Exercise *

Wiki Wiki *

Wisdom Council *


World Cafe * ! �456�

and from:

What are the simple (perhaps profoundly so) practices that nearly anyone in the field of dialogue and deliberation needs to understand, use, and promote in order to be successful? These are seldom particular methodologies (e.g. Open Space, Bohmian Dialogue, etc.), but are the "building blocks" of good communication, group process, facilitation, etc. Let us here explore what we think these are, and expand our understanding of them.

Active Listening - This includes paying attention to what people say, and to the underlying emotional and thematic subtexts of what they say. Often it includes Reflective Listening or Mirroring in which the listener says back to the speaker what the listener heard - both the explicit and the implicit (subtext) meaning. This helps the speaker feel heard and, once they feel heard, they let down their barriers and aggressiveness and can more join in the flow of inquiry and co-creativity.

Develop Trust - Participants must feel safe in order to contribute to the group.

Go Meta - Try to notice when there is something important happening - about the dynamics in the moment, not totally unrelated - that the group might benefit from attending to.

Be Clear About Intention - Be clear in yourself, hold the highest good as outcome, and do solid planning in order to reach specific goals.

Follow The Energy - Tune in to what is alive for participants; try to anticipate what the energy curve is likely to be to do good planning ahead, but be open to making shifts in the moment if needed.

Be fully Present - Cultivate awareness of what is. . . .

Suspend Assumptions - to use Bohm's term. This doesn't mean giving up assumptions, but rather suspending them in the open so all can see them. This is a valuable way to understand what is behind a set of words and leads to deeper understanding and shared inquiry.

Tell The Truth with full compassion.

Speak From Your Experience - Ask permission before giving feedback. Own our experience.

Invite Inquiry - as opposed to requesting answers.

The problem with Trying To Educate People